4 February 2020

Toruń Old Town

Since  I first visited Toruń several years ago, I always thought the medielav town looks very beautiful. Now I also wanted to introduce this town to my husband. Toruń is only 1 hour away from my hometown. 
I feel annoying with payments for parking in Poland. You need to know first how long time you gonna stay and pay for it. In Taiwan you park and don't care anything, someone will check timing and put ticket on your car. That's really more convenient. Anytime we go somewhere, we are always checking time, to not be late to our car... 
Mostly we only walked around town, visited Leaning Tower, old town gates, castle ruins and at the end some gingerbread shops, handmade candy shops, town hall and Nicolaus Copernicus house. It all took us 2 hours. At first I planed tovisit museum of gingerbread, but going to car and back felt annoying. Besides, the weather was sunny but cold and windy. 

History of Toruń 
Toruń is a historical city on the Vistula River in north-central Poland. It's one of UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997. In 2007 the Old Town in Toruń was added to the list of Seven Wonders of Poland.
Believed to be one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, Toruń is renowned for the Museum of Gingerbread, whose baking tradition dates back nearly a millennium, and its large Cathedral. Toruń is the birthplace of astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. Toruń has the largest number of preserved Gothic houses in Poland, many with Gothic wall paintings or wood-beam ceilings from the 16th to the 18th centuries.

See also: Toruń Castle

Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland, with the first settlement dated back to the 8th century and later having been expanded in 1233 by the Teutonic Knights. From 1264 until 1411 Toruń was part of the Hanseatic League and by the 17th century it was one of the elite trading points. It affected the city's architecture ranging from Brick Gothic to Mannerism and Baroque. In the early-modern age, Toruń was a royal city of Poland and it was one of the four largest cities in the country at the time.

Throughout history, the city was home to notable personas, scholars and statesmen. In 1473 Nicolaus Copernicus was born and in 1501 Polish King John I Albert died in Toruń. His heart was buried inside St. John's Cathedral. In 1500, the Tuba Dei, which was the largest church bell in Poland at that time, was placed in the church of St. John the Baptist, and a bridge across the Vistula was built, which was the country's longest wooden bridge at that time. In 1506 Toruń became a royal city of Poland.  

Old Town Hall (Ratusz Staromiejski) 
Old Town Hall dates back to the 13th century. In spring 1231 the Teutonic Knights crossed the river Vistula at the height of Nessau and established a fortress. In 1236, due to frequent flooding, it was relocated to the present site of the Old Town. In 1239 Franciscan friars settled in the city, followed in 1263 by Dominicans. In 1264 the adjacent New Town was founded predominantly to house Torun's growing population of craftsmen and artisans.
The Old Town Hall was inaugurated in 1274, than extended and rebuilt between 1391 and 1399. At the end of 16Th century it was extended again. It's considered one of the most monumental town halls in Central

Dragon of Torun
On the 13th August 1746 a master-carpenter Johann Georg Hieronim and the wife of the city soldier Kataharina Storchin certified in the town's administrative office in Toruń that in spring 1746 they saw a dragon. The creature could fly and swim, was 2 metres long,  Had dark-grey head and trunk and a light-brown and shiny tail. The flying dragon appeared near Struga Toruńska in the Przedzamcze region and flew in the direction of the Teutonic Castle ruins.

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