26 October 2017

The history of Anping District

If you are interested in history, there are some places to see around Anping District in Tainan. We bought tickets to visit 5 places in one time, so the price would be cheaper. One place entrance is about 50 NTD. 

Anping was first called Tayouan by Dutch and Portugese. There was a few varieties of this name, same as different Chinese transliteration. 
The Dutch occupied Anping in 1624 and built the defensive fortress. The entire project was completed in 1634. Due to the lack of masonry and building materials, it was first built with sand and wood, called Zeelandia. 
In 1662, Zheng Chenggong took the Dutch city and renamed it Anping Town. He changed the inner city to the inner government. Also the name Formosa was changed to Taiwan in 1683. Fort Zeelandia was an international business center during 17th century when Europeans sailed to Asia to develop trades. 
In 1683, also the whole island was named Taiwan instead of previously named Formosa. 


anping old fort fort zeelandia tainan Taiwan


anping old fort fort zeelandia tainan Taiwan


One of places to see is Anping Old Fort (安平古堡) which is also called Fort Zeelandia.
The fort was build in 1634 and it took 10 years to be finished. Fort Zeelandia was build by Dutch East India Company during their 38-years rule over the western part of island.
This place became an international business center during 17th century when Europeans sailed to Asia to develop trades.
At present, the real remains of the Dutch period are only the brick walls in front of the old castle in the south of the city.

Another place to visit is Eternal Gold Castle (億載金城). The castle was build in 1876, it only took 2 years to complete. It was established by Qing official to defend the island against Japanese invasion.
During the Japanese occupation period, the fortress wasn't maintain. During the Japanese-Russian War, the Japanese government sold some of the cannons of the Golden Castle to compensate for the economic losses caused by the war. In addition, due to the advancement of weapons and changes in military theories, the billion-dollar gold plaque lost its war value. However, the Japanese later listed it as a tourist attraction in Fucheng, and then renovated it, and changed the wooden bridge that had entered the fort to a reinforced concrete bridge decorated with stone.

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan

This place has a square shape and occupy 3 hectares of land. Much of the fort is ruined and what you can see now is a reconstruction. Most of cannons is a replica, except one which is also used for some shows.

In the past the castle can be only entered by wooden bridge that can be rised and lowered by East gate. The doorway was 21 meter long and the center was vast atrium for military with military houses and ammunition stores. The castle was mainly build with soil and bricks. There is also a most around the fort.

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan


Another place we visited is Anping Tree House and Tait & Co. Merchant House. The place used to be a warehouse of trading company in 1867. In 1911 were turned into office and warehouse of Japanese Salt Company. After World War II became an office for Tainan Salt Field. In 1979 Tainan Municipal Government took this building and with sponsoring of Chi Mei it was changed into museum.
Now abandoned and overgrown with banyan trees looks like from horror movies. This place is open to public since 2004.


anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan anping tree house

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan anping tree house

Definitely an attraction in Anping is the Deyang Battleship. After the retirement in 1978 government transported the ship into exhibition. You can walk inside to see how it looks like. Most of places is open for visitors. You will see some old maps and machines. You can also sit behind the steering wheel and imagine how it used to swim and fight in the past.

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan ship

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan ship


Unfortunately I've problem with my phone and have lost some pictures... We have also seen museum of Fort Zeelandia. The exhibition isn't big but pretty nice. You can see an old vases and other things found in those grounds.
Today we didn't have a chance to visit Anping Old Street, the please is very crowded and we couldn't find any parking space.

anping old fort fort zeelandia eternal golden castle tainan Taiwan ship
  

Address: 
1. Anping Old Fort, No. 82, Guosheng Rd, Anping District, Tainan City, 708
2. Fort Zeelandia Museum, No. 82, Guosheng Rd, Anping District, Tainan City, 708
3. Eternal Golden Castle, No. 3, Guangzhou Road, Anping District, Tainan City, 708
4. Former Tait & Co. Merchant House, No. 108, Gubao Street, Anping District, Tainan City, 708
5. Anping Old Street, Yanping Street, Anping District, Tainan City, 708

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