20 March 2018

Chen Wen Academy and The Wenwu Temple

Today we went to Xiluo to visit some family. Nearby their place is an old temple - Chen Wen Academy. I have seen this building few times but never really cared to check more information about this place. The building has really long history but it's not a popular place to visit.
The academies were build in 1797 as Wen Chang Temple to worship five emperors of learning during Qing Dynasty rule in Taiwan. The scale of academy isn't large but scholars often meet here to learn about poetry.
During Qing Dynasty there was 4 famous schools in Yunlin District: Lungmes School, Kweiwen School, Shuwen School and Chen Wen School.
Chen Wen School is the only one left, well preserved and maintained.  

Next to the academy, you can also see Nantian Xiuwenyuan Jude Branch. It's a temple dedicated to Confucius and Mencius. 
It's not a typical temple, inside you can find tables and chairs instead of Gods.


chenwen academy xiluo yunlin taiwan

chenwen academy xiluo yunlin taiwan

chenwen academy xiluo yunlin taiwan


Another old religious place to visit is the Wenwu Temple in Changhua. This place is 3 in 1, you can see here the Wenchuan (Wenkai) Academy, Wenchuang Shrine and the Martial Temple.
Lukang is the oldest city in Changha and used to be an important sea port in 18th century. During that time it was second largest city in Taiwan.
Lukang is named one of 10 small tourist towns in Taiwan.

In Lukang you can find many old temples like Longshan Temple and Matzu Temple. The city has over 200 temples dedicated to variety of deities.
In this town originates two terms: ekang (下港) and tengkang (頂港) which are talking about south and north of Taiwan. The exact meaning is below the harbor and above the harbor. 


Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan
Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan
 
Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan

The Wenwu Temple is a building consisting of Wenkai Academy on the left, Wenyu Temple in the center and Wu Temple in the right which was build in different time. The Wenyu Temple and Wu Temple was built in 1812. The Wenkai Academy was established in 1824. This place is a mix of literature and martial arts temple.
Wu Temple is dedicated to Guansheng Dijun. This temple doesn't have Door God paintings on the door which is different with official style of temple.
The Wenchang Shrine is the place where Lukang's literati gathered together and formed Ba She. It was the first association to study poetry. The Shrine is dedicated to the God of Scholarship - Wenchang, the Creator of Chinese characters - Cang Jie and the God of Literature - Kuixin.
During Japanese occupation the Wenwu Temple served as military camp and was once used as classroom for Lukang Public School. In 1914 twenty-five people donated money for renovation of this temple. In 1975 some building was destroyed by fire. After 10 years building was rebuild but different from the past. 
In front of the building you can also see Dianchi Lake.


Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan

Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan


Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan
 
Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan
Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan

Wenwu temple Lukang changhua taiwan


Address:
1. 648, Yunlin County, Xiluo Township, 西螺鎮興農西路8號南天修文院懿德分院
2. Wenchang Shrine and Martial Temple, No. 2, Qingyun Road, Lukang Township, Changhua County, 505

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