16 April 2019

YangMingShan - Calla Lily Festival

It's our second time in YangMingShan. A year ago we visited a beautiful hydrangea farm. This time we came to admire Calla lilies blossom. We went there in a week day, which was really good idea. There was not many people, which made it easy to drive and park there. On weekends and holiday traffic there is controlled.




Yang Ming Shan National Park (陽明山國家公園is one of nine National Parks in Taiwan. The park was established in 1985 and covers an area of  11,338 hectares. The area is known for the volcanic topography dominated by Dagushan volcanic group. You can find there geothermal and hot springs, hiking trails, volcano and interesting plants and wild life. 
The highest peak in the park is 1120 meter tall Qixing Mountain which is a typical cone-shaped volcano formed by volcanic eruption of lava flows and volcanic debris.





The volcanic activity in Northern Taiwan is because the Philippine sea plate is hidden under the Eurasia plate. The hidden plates are erupted and accumulated after being melted in the hot place. Volcanic activity also means the process of plate movement and landform modeling. 

The volcanic activity in this area lasted for more than 2 million years. More than 20 volcanoes was formed here. The activity ended 200,000 years ago. 
Landscape of Yangmingshan is a relic of post-volcanic activity including cone-shaped, bell-shaped volcanoes, craters, crater lakes, dammed lakes, hot springs and sulphur jet holes.


See also: Hydrangeas Farm


    


   


Hot springs are formed by underground supply of hot water, hydrostatic pressure and deep fissures in rocks which allow the water to come to the surface. Surfece water seeps down and is heated by underground heat source. Most of it retains inside rocks but part rises along surface forming hot springs. 
Lakes formed by collecting water in a crater are called lava-damed lakes. One of lakes of this type is Zhuzihu, which is located between QixingShan and DatunShan. The Lake is dried now an the area is used to plant flowers.
  
The area is affected by the chemical properties and precipitation of volcanic rocks. The soil is strongly acidic and affected by the strong northeast monsoon and micro-topography climate.
In terms of plants there are 1300 species of vascular plants among which the most famous in Zhuzihu. 



Calla Lilly Farms in front of Qixing Mountain

YangMingShan National Park is divided into subtropical climate zone, warm temperature climate zone and monsoon climate which is very obvious.
Yangmingshan recorded different species of 30 mammals, 21 amphibians, 22 fishes, 53 reptiles, 122 birds, 168 butterflies and countless insects and invertebrates.  
Every season brings different type of beauty to this area. In February and March cherry blossom and rhododendrons covers the mountain slopes. October gives the beauty of golden red maple trees and silver grass. In the winter also snow can be seen on cold days and you can observe seas of clouds.  

Yangmingshan has 45 Calla lily farms in Zhuzihu occupying an area of more than 13 hectares.

Calla lilies are ornamental flowers. This plant is very toxic if eaten. Calla lilies grow 35-55cm tall. Those flowers like wet ground and high humidity. Usually plant near ponds or river bangs.
For many places parking and entrance is free, although you can walk very close to flowers. For some farm the entrance fee is 100-150 NTD, but you can pick a few flowers there.

   
   


QixingShan is located in Datun Volcano Group and it's the highest mountain in the city, as well as the highest volcano in Taiwan. It's located in the center of Yangmingshan National Park. It's one of younger volcanoes here, its erupting began 700,000 years ago. Due to post-eruption erosion the mountain have 7 peaks. This mountain has faults across southeast and northeast contours with volcanic landforms like hot springs and fumaroles. 

Datun Volcano group is a group of volcanoes in Northern Taiwan. This volcano group is a result of episodic volcanism 2,8-0,2 millions years ago. 

In 2005 some geothermal activity occured and gas fumaroles were active in this area. Fumaroles are holes in the ground which emites steam and gases. It's also possible that magma chambers still exist under the surface in Northern Taiwan. 





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